Sri Lanka tour with Driver Lanka Mahesh.

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Historical Places Tour can be arranged as following,

 

Yapahuwa
A royal residence in 13th century Yapahuwa was able to preserve some interesting remains. While many traces of other ancient defenses are still be seen, an ornamental stairway remains it’s the main draw. Located at Kurunegala, North Western Province of Sri Lanka, Yapahuwa ancient fortress rises to a height of 90 m above the surrounding plains. Built by King Buwanekabahu the First as the capital of Sri Lanka in 1301, today, the Royal residence, the Temple of Tooth Relic, the battle defences are in ruins. While many traces of other ancient defenses are still be seen, an ornamental stairway remains it’s the main draw. The ruined walls of Yapahuwa form a rough semicircle. The ends join the foot of the high steep-sided rocky granite outcrop. The outer fortification, an earthen rampart extends to about a mile is about 20feet in height. Over the rampart are the ruins of a brick wall that was erected for defenses. Around the rampart was a moat. Around the rampart was a moat. Access to the fortress was by means of the three gates that connected to three causeways.
  Dambulla
The area is thought to have been inhabited from as early as the 7th to 3rd century BC. As indicated in a Brahmi inscription indicted under the drip ledge of cave No.2 history could be traced back to 2nd century BC. Images and paintings in these cave date back to the 1st century BC. But the paintings and statues were repaired and repainted in 11th , 12th & 17th century AD. The caves in the city provided refuge to King Valagamba (also called Vattagamini Abhaya) in his 14 year long exile from the Anuradhapura Kingdom. Buddhist monks meditating in the caves of Dambulla at the time provided the exiled king protection from his enemies. When King Valagamba returned to the throne at Anuradhapura kingdom in the 1st century BC, he had a magnificent rock temple built at Dambulla as a gratitude to the monks in dambulla. However the first refrence in the chronicle occurs during the reign of King Vijayabahu (11th century AD).



While traveling to Sigiriya you can visit this place on the way.   You can visit this place when you come from Sigiriya
     
Sigiriya
The earliest evidence of human habitation at Sigiriya was found from the Aligala rock shelter to the east of Sigiriya rock, indicating that the area was occupied nearly five thousand years ago during the Mesolithic period. Buddhist monastic settlements were established in the western and northern slopes of the boulder-strewn hills surrounding the Sigiriya rock, during the third century B.C. Several rock shelrets or caves had been created during this period. These shelters were made under large boulders, with carved drip ledges around the cave mouths. Rock inscriptions are carved near the drip ledges on many of the shelters, recording the between the third century BC and the first century AD in 477 AD, prince Kasyapa seized the throne from King Dhatusena, following a coup assisted by Migara, the king’s nephew and army commander.
  Polonnaruwa
Plonnaruwa is the second (Medieval) capital of Sri Lanka which lasted for about 200 years from about 1055 AD. But there is evidence that Polonnaruwa was a strategic point during A’pura period. When large irrigation works commenced after king Vasaba some of the complexed irrigation networks and large tanks were constructed in Polonnaruwa area. (Girithale, Kanthale, Minneriya, Minipe, Elahara, Kaudulla & Maduru Oya). King Vijayabahu (Kitti) (1055-1110) was the hero who recaptured Rajarata from the Cholas. But while Vijayabahu’s victory and shifting of Kingdoms to the more strategic Polonnaruwa is considered significant, the real Polonnaruwa hero of the history books is actually his grandson, Parakramabahu I (1153-1186).


     
Anuradhapura
During the British period Anuradhapura became the capital of North Central province from 1873. All the administrative & commercial building were constructed amidst monuments. British and Sri Lankan archeologist tried their best to conserve the ancient monuments. But as due respect for the religious places were not given by the British, great Sri Lankans like Walisundara Harischandra launched a campaign to declare A’pura a sacred city and a new administrative city to be built away from the sacred city. As a result of this strong agitation A’pura was declared a sacred city in 1958 and a new administrative city was built Central Cultural fund was set up in the 1980s with the assistance of UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization). Since then A’pura monuments are being excavated and conserved under a Cultural triangle Project. Most of the excavations in Abhayagiri & Jethawana complexes have been completed. Present excavations and maintenance are being funded by donations as well as collections from entrance tickets from foreign tourists. A’pura has eight major places of worship called “Atamasthana”. Sri Maha Bodhiya, Ruwanweliseya, Thuparamaya, Lovamahapaya, Abhayagiriya, Jethawanaramaya, Mirisavetiya & Lankarama. Declared world heritage in 1982.
  Aluvihara Temple
Aluvihara considered being a Sri Lanka temple that one should not miss during the holiday in Sri Lanka . This region is named after this renown Sri Lanka temple. Aluvihara is adorned by innumerable caves and a range of rock peaks. Archeologists endorse the legendary belief that the Dagoba and Bo-tree at Aluvihara can be traced to the reign of King Devanampiyatissa of Anuradhapura. The Chatragala and Yanthragala found amidst the remains of this Dagoba, which had collapsed and now preserved near the Bo-tree (ficus religiosa) are said to be proof of this, since it was during King Devanampiyatissa’s reign there existed the cult of enshrining Yanthragala in chetiyas with Chatra-gal subsequent fixed to these.

Aluvihara temple is the main tourist attraction of Matale, which has special place in Sri Lanka history for being the place where Pali canon was first written down in palm leaves. Other tourist attraction near Aluvihara temple are the numerous monastery caves with some nice frescoes. There is also a 10 m reclining Buddha in the first cave of Aluvihara cave temples.



     
Nalanda Gedige
Having taken the trouble to stop at Aluvihare, be prepared to do so again a short time later while travelling north, for there is small archaeological site of extreme interest worth a visit. Furthermore it’s included in the Cultural Triangle ticket. Nalanda is peculiar because of its scant history and hybrid style of architecture, which includes Hindu elements and Tantric Buddhist carvings. Nalanda is situated one km to the east of the A9 route 20km north of Aluvihare. It is one of a number of remarkable archaeological sites in Sri Lanka that receive few tourists through no limitations of their own. The reasons for this anomaly are various. Sometimes it has to do with geography and ease of access, although this is not the case with Nalanda. Often, however, it is a case of the beaten tourist track prevailing over good sense. A visit to Nalanda Gedige - gedige is an image house - is strongly recommended, because it exhibits a composite style of architecture unique in Sri Lanka, and an extraordinary fusion of Hinduism and Buddhism.
  Kandy
Available historical records suggest that Senkadagalapura (an early name for Kandy) was established by king Wickramabahu III during the period of his reign from 1357-1374 AD. Some scholars contend that the original name of Kandy was Katubulu Nuwara located near present Watapuluwa. The more popular historical name Senkadagala - according to folklore has originated from one of the several possible sources. These include naming after a Brahmin with the name Senkada who lived in a cave near by, a queen of King Wickramabahu named Senkanda, and after a coloured stone named Senkadagala. The present name Kandy is only an anglicized version of Kanda Uda Rata (meaning the land of mountains) originated in the colonial era. After King Wickramabahu III who founded the city, Senasammata Wickramabahu of Gamopola ascended the throne in the 15th cenruty (1473-1511) making it the new capital of the Kandyan Kingdom.

     
Embekke Devalaya
Situated 7 kilometers from the town of Pilimathalawa in Kandy district and surrounded by tea plantations and paddy fields, the historic Embekke Devalaya is an ancient shrine and a temple dedicated to lord Kataragama. Build by king Vikramabahu the 3rd of Gampola (A.D 1357-1374) the shrine consists of three sections, the sanctum or the Garbha, the Digge or dancing hall and the Hevisimandapaya or the Drummers hall. Embekke is world famous for wood carvings in the pillars of the drummer's hall which are considered to be some of the best exhibitions of ancient Sri Lankan craftsmanship. Embekke is a national heritage site which attracts a large number of both local and foriegn tourists annually.
  Gadaladeniya
Built almost exclusively of stone in 1344 by the Gampola King Wickramabahu, situated on a hilltop, commanding views of the surrounding countryside.
The architecture is Dravidian. The entrance porch features large stone pillars, which support a roof of huge stone slabs. Within the vihara, an ancient stone and plaster Buddha image looks down upon milk rice pots that have collected food offerings for centuries. The 638-year-Old jack wood doors still exhibit their original paintings.



     
Seetha Eliya
Having taken the trouble to stop at Aluvihare, be prepared to do so again a short time later while travelling north, for there is small archaeological site of extreme interest worth a visit. Furthermore it’s included in the Cultural Triangle ticket. Nalanda is peculiar because of its scant history and hybrid style of architecture, which includes Hindu elements and Tantric Buddhist carvings. Nalanda is situated one km to the east of the A9 route 20km north of Aluvihare. It is one of a number of remarkable archaeological sites in Sri Lanka that receive few tourists through no limitations of their own. The reasons for this anomaly are various. Sometimes it has to do with geography and ease of access, although this is not the case with Nalanda. Often, however, it is a case of the beaten tourist track prevailing over good sense. A visit to Nalanda Gedige - gedige is an image house - is strongly recommended, because it exhibits a composite style of architecture unique in Sri Lanka, and an extraordinary fusion of Hinduism and Buddhism.
  Adamspeak
Adam's Peak (also Adam's Mount; Sinhalese Samanalakanda "butterfly mountain", Tamil Sivanolipatha Malai ), is a 2,243 metres (7,359 ft) tall conical mountain located in central Sri Lanka. It is well-known for the Sri Pada "sacred footprint", a 1.8 m rock formation near the summit, in Buddhist tradition held to be the footprint of the Buddha, in Hindu tradition that of Shiva, in Christian tradition that of St. Thomas, and in Muslim tradition that of Adam. Sri Pada is revered as a holy site by Buddhists, Hindus, Muslims and Christians. It has specific qualities that cause it to stand out and be noticed; including its dominant and outstanding profile, and the boulder at the peak that contains an indentation resembling a footprint. Śrī Pada is an important pilgrimage site, especially for Hindus and Buddhists. Pilgrims walk up the mountain, following a variety of routes up thousands of steps. The journey takes several hours at least.

     
Buduruwagala
Buduruwagala is located about 5 km from the Wellawaya on the Thanamalwila road. The name Buduruwagala means “the rock with the statue of Buddha” And this is exactly what it is. Seven figured are carved in this rock with a massive 51 foot Buddha statue in the Abhaya Mudra gesture at the centre. The rock it self has shape of a kneeling elephant with its head own. Although there is no documented information about this site in the ancient scriptures, it is now believed this carvings were done during the last days of the Anuradhapura period. (between 8 - 10 Century). These carvings are of the Mahayana Buddhist style and similar to the statues at Dova Temple.
   

 

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